600,000 – 12,000 years old

Mammoths lived from around 600,000 years ago. At that time, the earth did not look much different than now. Between the emergence of the mammoths and now there have been three ice ages; Mindel (420,000-470,000), Riss (130,000- 380,000) and Würm (11,650-11,700). During the first two ice ages, Mindel and Riss, the ice from Scandinavia reached the Netherlands. Because of those large ice sheets, the sea level dropped, with the result that the North Sea became dry, so it was possible to walk from the Netherlands to England. The mammoth probably died out just after the end of the last ice age, some 12,000 years ago. There are strong suspicions that hunting by humans played a large part in this. But climate change (warming) is also mentioned as the cause.